During a recent study, researchers at FINRA rated participants’ financial knowledge levels on a scale of one to seven. The majority of respondents placed themselves in the 5-7 range, meaning that they were financially literate. The results were also linked to education and early-life cognition. While the survey results have limited predictive value, they do show that financial knowledge levels correlate with other key characteristics.
Financial knowledge can lead to smarter financial decisions, higher income, and better long-term financial security. Nearly every individual will need to borrow money at some point in their lives. Being aware of interest rates, compound interest, time value of money, and loan structure is critical to borrowing effectively. Furthermore, having a good grasp of the terms and conditions of a loan can help you make practical borrowing decisions and minimize long-term stress. Financial literacy is an important part of preparing for the unexpected.
Developing financial knowledge begins at a young age, and it is not only the responsibility of parents and educators. It is up to the individual to make the necessary changes in their financial future. Although a financial education program can help, parents and the environment a person grows up in is a critical component in gaining financial literacy.
Even in advanced economies and financially developed countries, financial literacy is low. Only one-third of the global population has adequate knowledge of basic financial concepts. This average, however, hides the lack of knowledge among certain groups of the population. Even within countries, gender differences in financial knowledge are common. This gap is particularly prevalent among women.
A good financial knowledge will allow you to make better decisions when managing your business. For instance, it’s essential to understand what a business’ accounts receivable is. This way, you can avoid missing opportunities to make money and avoid falling behind on bills. It is also beneficial to know the types of investments available and how to use them wisely.
Aside from helping you make the right financial choices, having a good understanding of finances is important for overall well-being. It can help you avoid debt, save for the future, and make wise investments. As long as you apply the principles and concepts you’ve learned, you’ll be financially literate.
However, there are a number of challenges that prevent financial knowledge from spreading throughout society. A key factor in improving financial literacy is encouraging parents to engage with their children’s financial education. The most effective programs should be broad, accessible, and scalable. Using the Big Three questions is a valuable tool for determining how much financial knowledge a person has.